Fiona Banner aka The Vanity Press: Pranayama Typhoon at Barakat Contemporary, Seoul
16 Jun – Aug 15, 2021
All Images courtesy of Barakat Contemporary
Pranayama Typhoon combines the word “pranayama,” a breathing technique that dates back to ancient India, with the word “typhoon,” a catastrophic weather phenomenon, which is also the name of a state-of-the- art fighter plane. The title of the exhibition hints at the collision of human breath with the unpredictable, destructive forces of nature. Banner conceived the work in Pranayama Typhoon during the Covid lockdown in the UK.
In Banner’s film Pranayama Organ (2021), two decoy military aircraft slowly inflate on a desolate beach; the film transitions into a ritualistic performance acted out by two people, one of which is the artist, both dressed as fighter planes – a Fighting Falcon and a Typhoon. Both human and automaton dance around each other performing a darkly comical ritual of courtship and combat. In Pranayama Organ, the regal sound of a pipe organ, the breathing of the two fighter planes and traces of the song “Wild is the Wind” collectively conjure an ominous, unnerving atmosphere. The organ, in this case refers both to the massive wind instrument, and the corporal body. As an instrument that needs air to be blown into, the organ projects the human desire to control nature. Pranayama Organ reveals the ambivalent aspects of our attitudes towards nature: nature is both consumed, exploited and revered. The film concludes with the fighter plane’s nose cone eclipsing the sun, an image accompanied by the lyrics: “For we’re creatures of the wind.”
Falcon (2021), an actual decoy military fighter plane and one of the protagonists of the film, slowly breathes in the same gallery space, with the viewers present, ventilated by a fan, incrementally inflating and deflating its body becomes like a living organism. The decoy plane, named after a bird of prey, exists to create an image of power. In the age of Covid, it represents vulnerability more than force. The psychological tension and ominous pre-human, post-human presence of Falcon is heightened by the soundtrack of the film.
Banner’s rear view mirror work ISBN 978-1-913983-05-5 (2021) is both a publication and a sculpture. Banner registered the work as a publication: ‘ISBN 978-1-913983-05-5’ under the title of Gods with Anuses. It refers to the human body and the body of the aircraft. This phrase comments with humor on our vanity – on a human-centered worldview, that sees humans obsessed with existing beyond nature, to resist our entropic selves, though in the end humans and animals will eventually return to nature. The Latin word ‘Annus’, which has a pronunciation similar to ‘Anuses’, means ‘the event of the year’ in which a disease or war occurred. ISBN 978-1-913983-05-5, hung like a tombstone between Falcon and Pranayama Organ, is a marker, in the dystopian contemporary tragic reality of the human world, especially the human view of nature emphasizes that it is time for a comprehensive review.
A group of Full Stop (2021) paintings also feature in the exhibition. Banner has punctuated her practice with these physical aspects of language, which denote breaths and pauses, by producing drawings, sculptures, and installations using full stops (periods) in various fonts. In a recent series of found sea-scape paintings, she painted out the ships and added full stops in various fonts – including Helvetica, Peanuts, Klang, Orator – over top of the various ships that are the subjects in seascapes. Banner has described the full stop “as a symbol of language without content, representing the emptiness of language, language poised on a precipice, a crisis where fonts, letters, and words no longer function as couriers of meaning.” For the installation, Banner installs the works low so you have to sit in order to view them, taking on the position of a film viewer rather than a traditional standing perspective of the paintings.
The Full Stop paintings, the beach of Pranayama Organ, and the Falcon installation become interconnected in the viewer’s perception to form a single cinematic landscape. The final element in the exhibition leads the viewer to Bad Review (2021), a car’s rearview mirror that reflects an image of the gallery. The artist has written the words “bad review” on the mirror and hung it up so that it faces away from Falcon. But what is receiving the “bad review”? Is it a question mark, an exclamation, or an ellipsis?